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Growth of Ni-Al alloys on Ni(111): (I) Formation of epitaxial Ni3Al from ultra-thin Al deposits

Abstract : In this paper we describe the alloying process of ultra-thin Al layers (below 8 x 10(15) Al/cm(2)) deposited on Ni(1 1 1). For this purpose Auger electron spectroscopy, low energy electron diffraction, and ion beam analysis-channelling measurements have been performed in situ in an ultra-high vacuum chamber. Al deposits formed at low temperature (about 130 K) are strained defective crystalline layers retaining the substrate orientation. Alloying takes place, with very progressive Ni enrichment, in a very broad temperature range between 250 K and 570 K. This feature shows that diffusion of the alloy species is more and more difficult when the Ni concentration increases. At 570 K a crystallographically and chemically ordered Ni3Al phase is formed, and its order continuously improves upon annealing, up to 750 K. We have shown by ion beam methods that this alloy is three-dimensional, extending up to 16 (1 11) planes for the thickest deposits. The Ni3Al phase can also be obtained directly by Al deposition at 750 K, but its crystalline quality is lower and the layer is probably formed of grains elongated along (11 - 2) directions. The Al content of the thin Ni3Al layers formed mostly dissolves in the bulk above 800 K. However a small amount of Al remains segregated at the Ni crystal surface. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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S Le Pevedic, Didier Schmaus, Camille Cohen. Growth of Ni-Al alloys on Ni(111): (I) Formation of epitaxial Ni3Al from ultra-thin Al deposits. Surface Science, Elsevier, 2006, 600 (3), pp.565-576. ⟨10.1016/j.susc.2005.11.010⟩. ⟨hal-01288816⟩

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