(Non) Gauge Invariance of Wilsonian Effective Actions in (Supersymmetric) Gauge Theories : A Critical Discussion - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Annals of Physics Year : 2008

(Non) Gauge Invariance of Wilsonian Effective Actions in (Supersymmetric) Gauge Theories : A Critical Discussion

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Abstract

We give a detailed critical discussion of the properties of Wilsonian effective actions~$\Gamma_\mu$, defined by integrating out all modes above a given scale $\mu$. In particular, we provide a precise and relatively convenient prescription how to implement the infrared cutoff $\mu$ in any loop integral that is manifestly Lorentz invariant and also preserves global linear symmetries such as e.g. supersymmetry. We discuss the issue of gauge invariance of effective actions in general and in particular when using background field gauge. Our prescription for the IR cutoff (as any such prescription) breaks the gauge symmetry. Using our prescription, we have explicitly computed, at one loop, many terms of the Wilsonian effective action for general gauge theories, involving bosonic and fermionic matter fields of arbitrary masses and in arbitrary representations, exhibiting the non-gauge invariant (as well as the gauge invariant) terms. However, for supersymmetric gauge theories all non-gauge invariant terms cancel within each supermultiplet. This is strong evidence that in supersymmetric gauge theories this indeed defines a Lorentz, susy and gauge invariant Wilsonian effective action. As a byproduct, we obtain the explicit one-loop Wilsonian couplings for all higher-derivative terms $\sim F D^{2n} F$ in the effective action of arbitrary supersymmetric gauge theories.
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Dates and versions

hal-00256260 , version 1 (15-02-2008)

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Adel Bilal. (Non) Gauge Invariance of Wilsonian Effective Actions in (Supersymmetric) Gauge Theories : A Critical Discussion. Annals of Physics, 2008, 323, pp.2311. ⟨10.1016/j.aop.2008.01.002⟩. ⟨hal-00256260⟩
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