Modulation of non-monosynaptic excitation from ankle dorsiflexor afferents to quadriceps motoneurones during human walking. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles The Journal of Physiology Year : 2002

Modulation of non-monosynaptic excitation from ankle dorsiflexor afferents to quadriceps motoneurones during human walking.

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Abstract

Modulation of non-monosynaptic excitation from ankle dorsiflexors to quadriceps (Q) motoneurones during human treadmill walking was investigated in 25 healthy human subjects. Stimulation of the common peroneal nerve (CPN) evoked a biphasic facilitation in the rectified and averaged (n = 50) Q electromyographic (EMG) activity between 0 and 100 ms after heel strike. Prior to heel strike, the stimulation had no effect on the Q EMG. The latency of both peaks in the response was too long to be explained by a monosynaptic pathway to Q motoneurones. During voluntary tonic co-contraction of Q and tibialis anterior (TA) while standing, only the first of the two peaks was evoked by the CPN stimulation despite a background EMG activity level in the Q and TA muscles corresponding to that observed 30-60 ms after heel strike during walking. Stimulation of cutaneous nerves did not evoke a similar biphasic facilitation in the Q motoneurones, which suggests that muscular afferents mediate the response. The second peak had a higher threshold than the earlier peak. During cooling of the CPN, the latency of the second peak was more prolonged than the latency of the earlier peak. This suggests that afferents of different diameters contributed to the two peaks. It is proposed that afferents from TA assist the contraction of Q during walking via spinal interneurones to stabilize the knee joint and maintain upright posture during walking.
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Dates and versions

hal-00271857 , version 1 (10-04-2008)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00271857 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 11790826

Cite

V. Marchand-Pauvert, J. B. Nielsen. Modulation of non-monosynaptic excitation from ankle dorsiflexor afferents to quadriceps motoneurones during human walking.. The Journal of Physiology, 2002, 538 (Pt 2), pp.647-57. ⟨hal-00271857⟩
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