Cutaneous silent period in hand muscle is evoked by laser stimulation of the palm, but not the hand dorsum. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Muscle & nerve. Supplement. Year : 2004

Cutaneous silent period in hand muscle is evoked by laser stimulation of the palm, but not the hand dorsum.

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A. Romaniello
  • Function : Author
A. Truini
  • Function : Author
F. Galeotti
  • Function : Author
C. de Lena
  • Function : Author
G. Cruccu
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Painful electrical stimulation of the fingers evokes an inhibitory response in hand muscles (cutaneous silent period, CSP). The aim of this study was to determine whether purely nociceptive thermal stimuli applied to the hand evoke a CSP. High-intensity laser pulses (205 +/- 44 mJ) were delivered to the dorsum and palm of the hand in five volunteers. Electromyographic signals were recorded from the ipsilateral first dorsal interosseous muscle. We then compared the laser-evoked CSP with the CSP induced by electrical stimulation. A clear laser CSP (latency 90 +/- 7 ms) was evoked in all subjects when laser pulses were applied to the palm of the hand, whereas no response was recorded after stimulation of the dorsum. Electrical stimulation of both the dorsum and the palm evoked a CSP (latency 65 +/- 5 ms), although the reflex threshold was significantly lower after stimulation of the palm. This study confirms that the CSP is a nociceptive response specific to limbs that grasp. In humans, palm nociceptors are probably more functionally effective than dorsal nociceptors in inducing the hand-muscle inhibition that interrupts hand prehension (so that a potentially noxious source is dropped) before proximal muscles withdraw the limb.

Dates and versions

hal-00272151 , version 1 (11-04-2008)

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A. Romaniello, A. Truini, F. Galeotti, C. de Lena, J. C. Willer, et al.. Cutaneous silent period in hand muscle is evoked by laser stimulation of the palm, but not the hand dorsum.. Muscle & nerve. Supplement., 2004, 29 (6), pp.870-2. ⟨10.1002/mus.20040⟩. ⟨hal-00272151⟩
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