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Two-dimensional determination of dissolved iron and sulfur species in marine sediment pore-waters by thin-film based imaging. Thau lagoon (France)

Abstract : A device composed of a polyacrylamide gel thin-film (18 cm high, 5 cm wide and 0.4 mm thick) and a PVC (polyvinyl chloride) film was used as a sediment probe to obtain iron and S(−II) sulfur dissolved species' distributions in sediment pore waters. A porous protective membrane was set on top of hydrogel layer. Probes were deployed in May 2003 for 24–48 h in the superficial sediment of Thau lagoon (France), in a shellfish farming area. The polyacrylamide gel layer was used as a DET (Diffusive Equilibration in Thin-films) device for 2D Fe(II) concentration determination, and as the diffusive layer of a DGT-like (Diffusive Gradients in Thin-films) device for sulfur species study. The accumulation layer of the DGT device consisted in a PVC film layer underneath the polyacrylamide layer. Iron determinations were performed by colorimetric methods with Ferrozine and imaging technique. Image acquisitions were performed with a flatbed scanner. Fe(II) concentrations were deducted from densitometry analysis of the magenta zones (ImageJ software). The calibration curve was obtained by densitometry analysis of polyacrylamide gel pieces which were equilibrated in known iron (II) concentration solutions. ΣFe distribution was performed but not quantified. Analysis of gray zones on the PVC layer provided a qualitative distribution of unidentified S(−II) dissolved compounds, related to H2S zone for which information is obtained by classical methods (peeper and colorimetric measurements). EDX (X-ray energy dispersive spectrometry) and GIXR (Grazing-Incidence X-ray Diffraction) analyses of gray zone of this PVC layer provide evidence for FeS2 catalyzed precipitation onto this film. Dissolved Fe(II) was mainly located near the sediment–water interface (SWI), showing a nonhomogeneous layer about 10 mm thick. Small Fe rich domains appeared deeper in the sediment and likely confirm newest paradigms in the field of sediment biogeochemistry. S(−II) species are detected from 3 to 4 cm below the SWI, with a heterogeneous spatial distribution showing a burrow-like structure.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 19, 2008 - 12:00:06 PM
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Didier Jézéquel, Roberta Brayner, Edouard Metzger, Eric Viollier, François Prévot, et al.. Two-dimensional determination of dissolved iron and sulfur species in marine sediment pore-waters by thin-film based imaging. Thau lagoon (France). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Elsevier, 2007, 72, pp.420-431. ⟨10.1016/j.ecss.2006.11.031⟩. ⟨hal-00311587⟩



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