The Solar Wind Charge-Transfer X-Ray Emission in the 1/4 keV Energy Range: Inferences on Local Bubble Hot Gas at Low Z - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2009

The Solar Wind Charge-Transfer X-Ray Emission in the 1/4 keV Energy Range: Inferences on Local Bubble Hot Gas at Low Z

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Abstract

We present calculations of the heliospheric solar wind charge-exchange (SWCX) emission spectra and the resulting contributions of this diffuse background in the ROSAT 1/4 keV bands. We compare our results with the soft X-ray background (SXRB) emission detected in front of 378 identified shadowing regions during the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. This foreground component is principally attributed to the hot gas of the so-called Local Bubble (LB), an irregularly shaped cavity of ∼50-150 pc around the Sun, which is supposed to contain ∼10 6 K plasma. Our results suggest that the SWCX emission from the heliosphere is bright enough to account for most of the foreground emission toward the majority of low galactic latitude directions, where the LB is the least extended. On the other hand, in a large part of directions with galactic latitude above 30 • , the heliospheric SWCX intensity is significantly smaller than the measured one. However, the SWCX R2/R1 band ratio differs slightly from the data in the galactic center direction, and more significantly in the galactic anticentre direction where the observed ratio is the smallest. Assuming that both SWCX and hot gas emission are present and their relative contributions vary with direction, we tested a series of thermal plasma spectra for temperatures ranging from 10 5 to 10 6.5 K and searched for a combination of SWCX spectra and thermal emission matching the observed intensities and band ratios, while simultaneously being compatible with O vi emission measurements. In the frame of collisional equilibrium models and for solar abundances, the range we derive for hot gas temperature and emission measure cannot reproduce the Wisconsin C/B band ratio. This implies that accounting for SWCX contamination does not remove these known disagreements between data and classical hot gas models. We emphasize the need for additional atomic data, describing consistently EUV and X-ray photon spectra of the charge-exchange emission of heavier solar wind ions.
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Dates and versions

hal-00379193 , version 1 (10-07-2020)

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Dimitra Koutroumpa, Rosine Lallement, J.C. Raymond, V. Kharchenko. The Solar Wind Charge-Transfer X-Ray Emission in the 1/4 keV Energy Range: Inferences on Local Bubble Hot Gas at Low Z. The Astrophysical Journal, 2009, 696, pp.1517-1525. ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/696/2/1517⟩. ⟨hal-00379193⟩
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