Methodology for water monitoring in the upper troposphere with Raman lidar at the Haute-Provence Observatory - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Year : 2009

Methodology for water monitoring in the upper troposphere with Raman lidar at the Haute-Provence Observatory

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Philippe Keckhut
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 918122
Alain Sarkissian
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 919678

Abstract

A Raman water vapor lidar has been developed at the Haute-Provence Observatory to study the distribution of water in the upper troposphere and its long-term evolution. Some investigations have been proposed and described to ensure a pertinent monitoring of water vapor in the upper troposphere. A new method to take into account the geophysical variability for time integration processes has been developed based on the stationarity of water vapor. Successive measurements, considered as independent, have been used to retrieve H2O profiles that were recorded during the same nighttimes over a few hours. Various calibration methods, including zenith clear-sky observation, standard meteorological radiosondes, and total water vapor column, have been investigated. A method to evaluate these calibration techniques has been proposed based on the variance weakening. For the lidar at the Haute-Provence Observatory, the calibration based on the total water vapor column appears to be the optimum method. Radiosondes also give comparable results, but do not allow lidar to be independent. The clear-sky zenith observation is an original technique, and seems to accurately identify discontinuities. However, it appears to be less reliable, based on the variance investigation, than the two others. It is also sensitive to aerosol loading, which is also expected to vary with time.
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hal-00408531 , version 1 (08-05-2016)

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Christophe Hoareau, Philippe Keckhut, Alain Sarkissian, Jean-Luc Baray, Georges Durry. Methodology for water monitoring in the upper troposphere with Raman lidar at the Haute-Provence Observatory. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 2009, 26 (10), pp.2149-2160. ⟨10.1175/2009JTECHA1287.1⟩. ⟨hal-00408531⟩
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