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Book Sections Year : 2010

Recent tectonic stress evolution in the Lesser Caucasus and adjacent regions

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Abstract

The stress indicators describing the recent (provided by active tectonics framework) and palaeo-stress (provided by micro-fault kinematics and volcanic cluster) patterns show the scale and temporal changes in stress states since the beginning of Arabian–Eurasian collision. The recent stress derived from the active fault kinematics in the Lesser Caucasus and adjacent area corresponds to a strike–slip regime with both transtension and transpression characteristics. The kinematics of active structures of various scale are conditioned by tectonic stress field with general north–south compression and east–west extension. The distribution of Neogene to Quaternary volcanic cluster geometries and micro-fault kinematic data evidence the time and orientation variability of the stress field since the beginning of the Arabian–Eurasian collision. In addition to the general north–south compression orientation, two other – NW–SE and NE–SW – secondary orientations are observed. The first one was dominant between the Palaeogene and the late Early Miocene and the second one has prevailed between the Late Miocene and the Quaternary. Since the continental collision of Arabia with Eurasia the tectonic stress regime in the Lesser Caucasus and adjacent area changed from compression (thrusting and reverse faulting) to transtension-transpression (strike–slip faulting with various vertical components).
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Dates and versions

hal-00521808 , version 1 (28-09-2010)

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A. Avagyan, M. Sosson, A. Karakhanian, H. Philip, S. Rebai, et al.. Recent tectonic stress evolution in the Lesser Caucasus and adjacent regions. Sedimentary Basin Tectonics from the Black Sea and Caucasus to the Arabian Platform, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, pp.393-408, 2010, ⟨10.1144/SP340.17⟩. ⟨hal-00521808⟩
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