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Journal Articles Journal of Physical Chemistry C Year : 2012

ZnO oxygen vacancies formation and filling followed by in situ photoluminescence and in situ EPR

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Abstract

Oxygen vacancies of zinc oxide were followed by photoluminescence (PL) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopies. The green PL emission was associated with oxygen vacancies: its intensity is enhanced upon static thermal treatment under inert or under vacuum, whereas it decreases upon oxygen treatment. A unique EPR signal at g = 1.96 was measured at room temperature after thermal in situ treatment under flow of inert or oxygenated atmospheres, its double integration follows the same trends than the green PL emission and its evolution was shown to probe the oxygen vacancy concentrations. The relative concentration of the related paramagnetic species would be increased/decreased upon trapping/release of the electron associated to the formation/filling of oxygen vacancy. The influence of Ti impurities on the PL and RPE signals was investigated. Finally, it is concluded that the EPR signal is related to oxygen vacancies and its position shift could be explained by the involvement of some mixing orbitals. Thanks to static (PL and EPR) and dynamic (EPR) in situ characterizations, the conditions of formation or filling of oxygen vacancies are discussed depending of the atmosphere and temperature of the pretreatment of kadox and ex-carbonate zinc oxide. High temperature treatments, inert atmospheres, and vacuum lead to the formation of new oxygen vacancies. This process is reversible upon oxygenated atmospheres. The efficiency of such filling up depends on the temperature and starts to prevail on the oxygen vacancy formation below 500 K. It is also shown that few native oxygen vacancies can also be filled up.
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Dates and versions

hal-00758450 , version 1 (28-11-2012)

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C. Drouilly, J.M. Krafft, F. Averseng, S. Casale, Delphine Bazer-Bachi, et al.. ZnO oxygen vacancies formation and filling followed by in situ photoluminescence and in situ EPR. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2012, 116, pp.21297 - 21307. ⟨10.1021/jp307693y⟩. ⟨hal-00758450⟩
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