[Tolerance and efficacy of mefloquine as the first line treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in children]. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Pathologie Biologie Year : 2008

[Tolerance and efficacy of mefloquine as the first line treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in children].

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P. Valeyre
  • Function : Author
R. Favier
  • Function : Author
M. Adam
  • Function : Author
B. Quinet
  • Function : Author
E. Grimprel
  • Function : Author

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Given the national therapeutic guidelines in France, halofantrine represents the first line treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) malaria in children. But several disadvantages exist using halofantrine in paediatrics. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the tolerance and the efficacy of mefloquine as the first line treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in a paediatric emergency department. The secondary objective of the study is to evaluate whether symptomatic measures may improve the gastrointestinal tolerance of mefloquine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational cohort study includes all the patients who have been treated for acute uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in the paediatric emergency department of the Hospital Trousseau (Paris, France) in 2003. RESULTS: First line treatment was mefloquine in 35 children. Early vomiting occurred in 22 (63%) cases. All children responded to mefloquine therapy except two children who had persistent vomiting early after mefloquine therapy and required intravenous quinine. Those two children had initial vomiting. Light meal and metopimazine prophylaxis did not precede mefloquine intake in those two children. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that mefloquine treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria is effective and well tolerated in children. Furthermore, a light meal and metopimazine prophylaxis preceding mefloquine intake may improve its gastrointestinal tolerance.

Dates and versions

hal-00815893 , version 1 (19-04-2013)

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P. Valeyre, R. Favier, M. Adam, B. Quinet, E. Grimprel, et al.. [Tolerance and efficacy of mefloquine as the first line treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in children].. Pathologie Biologie, 2008, 56 ((1)), pp.21-8. ⟨10.1016/j.patbio.2007.09.003⟩. ⟨hal-00815893⟩
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