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Journal Articles Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Year : 2014

Green's function retrieval through cross-correlations in a two -dimensional complex reverberating medium

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Lapo Boschi
Philippe Roux
Michel Campillo
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Abstract

Cross-correlations of ambient noise averaged at two receivers lead to the reconstruction of the two-point Green's function, provided that the wave-field is uniform azimuthally, and also temporally and spatially uncorrelated. This condition depends on the spatial distribution of the sources and the presence of heterogeneities that act as uncorrelated secondary sources. This study aims to evaluate the relative contributions of source distribution and medium complexity in the two-point cross-correlations by means of numerical simulations and laboratory experiments in a finite-size reverberant two-dimensional (2D) plate. The experiments show that the fit between the cross-correlation and the 2D Green's function depends strongly on the nature of the source used to excite the plate. A turbulent air-jet produces a spatially uncorrelated acoustic field that rapidly builds up the Green's function. On the other hand, extracting the Green's function from cross-correlations of point-like sources requires more realizations and long recordings to balance the effect of the most energetic first arrivals. When the Green's function involves other arrivals than the direct wave, numerical simulations confirm the better Green's function reconstruction with a spatially uniform source distribution than the typical contour-like source distribution surrounding the receivers that systematically gives rise to spurious phases.
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Dates and versions

hal-01392311 , version 1 (04-11-2016)

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Andrea Colombi, Lapo Boschi, Philippe Roux, Michel Campillo. Green's function retrieval through cross-correlations in a two -dimensional complex reverberating medium. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2014, 135 (3), pp.1034. ⟨10.1121/1.4864485⟩. ⟨hal-01392311⟩
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