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Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2014

Isolation of technogenic magnetic particles


Technogenic magnetic particles (TMPs) emitted by various industrial sources, such as smelting plants, end up after atmospheric transfer on the soil surface. In the present study, we characterised the origin and composition of such particles emitted by a large iron smelting plant and deposited on particular substrates, namely tombstones, which act as a very interesting and appropriate matrix when compared to soil, tree bark, lichens or attic dust. The isolation and subsequent description of TMPs require a critical step of separation between different components of the sample and the magnetic particles; here, we described an efficient protocol that fulfils such a requirement: it resorts to water suspension, sonication, repeated magnetic extraction, sedimentation, sieving and organic matter destruction at 550 °C in some instances. The isolated TMPs displayed a noticeable crystalline shape with variable compositions: a) pure iron oxides, b) iron + Cr, Ni or Zn, and c) a complex structure containing Ca, Si, Mg, and Mn. Using Scanning Electron Microscope Energy Dispersive X-ray (SEM–EDX), we obtained profiles of various and distinct magnetic particles, which allowed us to identify the source of the TMPs.
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hal-01403021 , version 1 (25-11-2016)



Mickaël Catinon, Sophie Ayrault, Omar Boudouma, Louise Bordier, Gregory Agnello, et al.. Isolation of technogenic magnetic particles. Science of the Total Environment, 2014, 475, pp.39-47. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.12.083⟩. ⟨hal-01403021⟩
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