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Marine ecosystems’ responses to climatic and anthropogenic forcings in the Mediterranean

Xavier Durrieu de Madron 1 Cécile Guieu 2 Richard Sempere 3 Pascal Conan 4 Daniel Cossa 5 F. d'Ortenzio 2 Claude Estournel 6 Frédéric Gazeau 7 Christophe Rabouille 8, 9 Lars Stemmann 2 Sophie Bonnet 10 Frederic Diaz 10 Philippe Koubbi 11 Olivier Radakovitch 12 Marcel Babin 2 Melika Baklouti 13 C. Bancon-Montigny 14 Sauveur Belviso 15 Nathaniel Bensoussan 15 Bernard Bonsang 8, 16 Ioanna Bouloubassi 17 Christian Brunet 18 Jean-François Cadiou F Carlotti 19 Malik Chami 20 Sabine Charmasson Bruno Charrière 1 Jordi Dachs 21 David Doxaran 2 Jean-Claude Dutay 8, 22 Françoise Elbaz-Poulichet 23 Marc Eléaume F. Eyrolles 24 C. Fernandez 25 S. Fowler Patrice Francour 26 Jean-Claude Gaertner René Galzin 27 Gian Pietro Gasparini 2 Jean-François Ghiglione Jean-Louis Gonzalez Catherine Goyet Lionel Guidi 2 Katell Guizien 4 Lars-Eric Heimbürger 5, 28 Stéphanie H. M. Jacquet 10 Wade H. Jeffrey 29 Fabien Joux 2 Pierre Le Hir 30 K. Leblanc 31 Dominique Lefèvre 19 Christophe Lejeusne 32 R. Lemé 2 Marie-Dominique Loÿe-Pilot M. Mallet Laurence Méjanelle 14, 6 Frédéric Mélin Capucine Mellon B. Merigot 33 Pierre-Laurent Merle 34 Christophe Migon 2 William Lewis Miller 35 Laurent Mortier 36 Behzad Mostajir 37 Laure Mousseau 2 T. Moutin 38 Julien Para 39 T. Pérez Anne Petrenko 10 Jean-Christophe Poggiale 3 Louis Prieur 40 Mireille Pujo-Pay 25 Elvira Pulido-Villena 28, 3 Patrick Raimbault 19 Andrew P. Rees Céline Ridame 17 Jean-Francois Rontani Diana Ruiz-Pino 41 Marie-Alexandrine Sicre 8 Vincent Taillandier 2 Christian Tamburini 19 Tsuneo Tanaka 28 I. Taupier Letage 19 Marc Tedetti 3 Pierre Testor 36 Hervé Thebault 24 Bénédicte Thouvenin 42 Franck Touratier 43 Jacek Tronczyński 44 Caroline Ulses 6 France van Wambeke 19 Vincent Vantrepotte Sandrine Vaz 1, 3 Romaric Verney 42
9 OCEANIS - Océan et Interfaces
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
16 CAE - Chimie Atmosphérique Expérimentale
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
17 PALEOPROXUS - Paléoclimats, proxies, processus
LOCEAN - Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat : Expérimentations et Approches Numériques
22 CLIM - Modélisation du climat
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
36 PHYBIOCAR - Couplage physique-biogéochimie-carbone
LOCEAN - Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat : Expérimentations et Approches Numériques
39 CE
MIO - Institut méditerranéen d'océanologie
41 AB - Austral Boréal
LOCEAN - Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat : Expérimentations et Approches Numériques
43 IMAGES - Image, Modélisation, Analyse, GEométrie, Synthèse
LTCI - Laboratoire Traitement et Communication de l'Information
Abstract : The semi-enclosed nature of the Mediterranean Sea, together with its smaller inertia due to the relative short residence time of its water masses, make it highly reactive to external forcings, in particular variations of water, energy and matter fluxes at the interfaces. This region, which has been identified as a “hotspot” for climate change, is therefore expected to experience environmental impacts that are considerably greater than those in many other places around the world. These natural pressures interact with the increasing demographic and economic developments occurring heterogeneously in the coastal zone, making the Mediterranean even more sensitive. This review paper aims to provide a review of the state of current functioning and responses of Mediterranean marine biogeochemical cycles and ecosystems with respect to key natural and anthropogenic drivers and to consider the ecosystems’ responses to likely changes in physical, chemical and socio-economical forcings induced by global change and by growing anthropogenic pressure at the regional scale. The current knowledge on and expected changes due to single forcing (hydrodynamics, solar radiation, temperature and acidification, chemical contaminants) and combined forcing (nutrient sources and stoichiometry, extreme events) affecting the biogeochemical fluxes and ecosystem functioning are explored. Expected changes in biodiversity resulting from the combined action of the different forcings are proposed. Finally, modeling capabilities and necessity for modeling are presented. A synthesis of our current knowledge of expected changes is proposed, highlighting relevant questions for the future of the Mediterranean ecosystems that are current research priorities for the scientific community. Finally, we discuss how these priorities can be approached by national and international multi-disciplinary research, which should be implemented on several levels, including observational studies and modeling at different temporal and spatial scales.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02163130
Contributor : Lars-Eric Heimbürger-Boavida <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 24, 2019 - 8:33:29 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 21, 2021 - 2:16:04 PM

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Xavier Durrieu de Madron, Cécile Guieu, Richard Sempere, Pascal Conan, Daniel Cossa, et al.. Marine ecosystems’ responses to climatic and anthropogenic forcings in the Mediterranean. Progress in Oceanography, Elsevier, 2011, 91 (2), pp.97-166. ⟨10.1016/j.pocean.2011.02.003⟩. ⟨hal-02163130⟩

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