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Book Sections Year : 2016

Phylogenetics and Conservation Biology: Drawing a Path into the Diversity of Life

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Abstract

In the midst of a major extinction crisis, the scientifi c community is called to provide criteria, variables and standards for defi ning strategies of biodiversity conservation and monitoring their results. Phylogenetic diversity is one of the variables taken in account. Its consideration in biodiversity conservation stemmed from the idea that species are not equal in terms of evolutionary history and opened a completely new line of investigation. It has turned the focus to the need of protecting the Tree of Life, i.e. the diversity of features resulting from the evolution of Life on Earth. This approach is now recognized as a strategy for increasing options for future needs and values as well as for increasing the potential of biodiversity diver-sifi cation in a future environment. Since its introduction in biodiversity conservation thinking much has been developed in order to compose our conceptual understanding of the importance of protecting the Tree of Life. The aim of this book is to contribute to the ongoing international construction of strategies for reducing biodiversity losses by exploring several approaches for the conservation of phyloge-netic diversity. We hope that this concentrated effort will contribute to the emergence of new solutions and attitudes towards a more effective preservation of our evolutionary heritage. The chapters of this book are organized around three main themes: questions, methods and applications, providing a condensed updated picture of the state of the art and showing that either conceptually or methodologically phylogenetic diversity has everything to be on the global agenda of biodiversity conservation.
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hal-02565167 , version 1 (06-05-2020)

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Roseli Pellens, Philippe Grandcolas. Phylogenetics and Conservation Biology: Drawing a Path into the Diversity of Life. Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics - Preserving our evolutionary heritage in an extinction crisis, pp.1-15, 2016, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-22461-9_1⟩. ⟨hal-02565167⟩
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