Merging two passive microwave remote sensing (SMOS and AMSR_E) datasets to produce a long term record of soil moisture - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2014

Merging two passive microwave remote sensing (SMOS and AMSR_E) datasets to produce a long term record of soil moisture

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Abstract

This study investigated the use of physically based statistical regressions to retrieve a global and long term (e.g. 2003–2014) surface soil moisture (SSM) record based on a combination of passive microwave remote sensing observations from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E; 2003-Sept. 2011) and the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS; 2010–2014) sensors. Statistical regression methods based on bi-polarization (horizontal and vertical) brightness temperatures (Tb) observations obtained from AMSR-E. The coefficients of these regression equations were calibrated using SMOS level 3 SSM maps (SMOSL3) as a reference. This calibration process was carried out over the June 2010-Sept. 2011 period, over which both SMOS and AMSR-E observations coincide. Based on these calibrated coefficients global SSM maps could be computed from the AMSR-E Tb observations over the whole 2003–2011 period. In this study, the SSM maps were successfully evaluated against the SMOSL3 SSM products over the period of calibration (Jun. 2010-Sept. 2011). Correlations (R) and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) were computed between the AMSR-E retrievals and the reference (SMOSL3) SSM products. The R (mostly > 0.75) and RMSE (mostly < 0.04 m3/m3) maps showed a good agreement between the retrieved and SMOSL3 SSM products particularly over Australia, central USA, central Asia, and the Sahel. In conclusion, the statistical regression method is capable of retrieving a coherent "SMOS-AMSR-E" SSM time series for the period 2003–2014.
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Dates and versions

hal-02740682 , version 1 (02-06-2020)

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Amen Al Yaari, Jean-Pierre Wigneron, Agnès Ducharne, Yann H. Kerr, Patricia de Rosnay, et al.. Merging two passive microwave remote sensing (SMOS and AMSR_E) datasets to produce a long term record of soil moisture. IGARSS 2014, International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS). USA., Jul 2014, Québec, Canada. ⟨10.1109/IGARSS.2014.6946922⟩. ⟨hal-02740682⟩
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