Iridium and other element distributions, mineralogy, and magnetostratigraphy near the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in hole 761C - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Book Sections Year : 1992

Iridium and other element distributions, mineralogy, and magnetostratigraphy near the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in hole 761C

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Abstract

Samples from Ocean Drilling Program Hole 761C, collected on both sides of the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary have been analyzed for their chemical and mineralogical content. The sediment consists of nannofossil ooze with variable amounts of clay. The boundary is marked by a color change associated with a nearly step-like decrease of the carbonate fraction. Paleomagnetic data and the drop of the carbonate content indicate that a strong reduction of the sedimentation rate occurred at the boundary and persisted for million of years. An iridium anomaly of 80 ng/cm$^2$ , together with overabundances of Cr and Fe, are found in close coincidence with the planktonic crisis. These enrichments can be explained by the infall of =0.16 g/cm$^2$ of Cl-like chondritic material. Co and Ni enrichments and a great quantity of Ni-rich magnetites are also observed in the basal Danian. These elements and minerals excepted, the composition of the insoluble fraction appears to be nearly unchanged across the boundary. Chemical and mineralogical observations support a cosmic origin for the Cretaceous/Tertiary event but do not reveal the presence of any significant impact ejecta.
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hal-03626605 , version 1 (31-03-2022)

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Robert Rocchia, Daniel Boclet, Philippe Bonté, Laurence Froget, Bruno Galbrun, et al.. Iridium and other element distributions, mineralogy, and magnetostratigraphy near the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in hole 761C. von Rad, U.; Haq, B. U. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, 122 Scientific Results, 122, Ocean Drilling Program, pp.753-762, 1992, ⟨10.2973/odp.proc.sr.122.179.1992⟩. ⟨hal-03626605⟩
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