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Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2005

Combination of nulling interferometer and modified pupil for observations of exo-planets

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Abstract

We consider a combination of two techniques, namely the nulling interferometer and halo suppression by modified pupil such as shaped pupils and apodized square apertures, which achieves very high dynamic range, in order to detect faint extra-solar planets around nearby stars. The effects of the nulling interferometer and the modified pupil are independent and in combination hence multiplied. We show that one can achieve higher dynamic range in the case of a resolved star than with either method alone. By numerical simulations, we show that the combination method can achieve dynamic range levels of 10-10 at 3lambda/D. Used alone, the two-telescope interferometer would give the nulling depth of 10-3 whilst the halo suppression by a shaped aperture would do 10-7, with a point-spread-function core radius less than 3lambda/D for a shaped aperture. The introduction of the modified pupil has the same effect whether it is made at the entrance apertures of the interferometer or at a re-imaged common pupil plane after the nulling interferometry. From another point of view, a nulling interferometer works as pre-optics in front of any single telescope methods, which reduces the intensity of a resolved source transmitting some uniform wavefront residuals.
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Dates and versions

hal-03784856 , version 1 (06-10-2022)

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Jun Nishikawa, Takayuki Kotani, Naoshi Murakami, N. Baba, Y. Itoh, et al.. Combination of nulling interferometer and modified pupil for observations of exo-planets. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2005, 435, pp.379-384. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361:20042424⟩. ⟨hal-03784856⟩
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