HAL CCSD
Towards New Indices of Arterial Stiffness Using Systolic Pulse Contour Analysis: A Theoretical Point of View
Chemla, Denis
Plamann, Karsten
Nitenberg, Alain
Service de physiologie et d'explorations fonctionnelles [CHU Raymond-Poincaré] ; Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) (AP-HP)-Hôpital Raymond Poincaré [AP-HP]
Laboratoire d'optique appliquée (LOA) ; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-École polytechnique (X)-École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées (ENSTA Paris)
International audience
ISSN: 0160-2446
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
hal-00527741
https://hal-polytechnique.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00527741
https://hal-polytechnique.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00527741
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2008, 51 (2), pp.111-117. ⟨10.1097/FJC.0b013e318163a977⟩
DOI: 10.1097/FJC.0b013e318163a977
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/10.1097/FJC.0b013e318163a977
en
[PHYS.PHYS.PHYS-OPTICS]Physics [physics]/Physics [physics]/Optics [physics.optics]
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Journal articles
Total arterial stiffness plays a contributory role throughout aging and in numerous cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension. Aortic stiffening is responsible for an increased characteristic impedance (ie, the impedance to the left ventricular pulsatile flow), thus increasing the forward pressure-wave amplitude that contributes to pulse pressure elevation. Aortic stiffening also increases pulse wave velocity, and this results in anticipated and enhanced wave reflections, further augmenting central pulse pressure. Unfortunately, there is no simple time-domain estimate of characteristic impedance. Furthermore, recent guidelines have reviewed the limitations of diastolic pulse contour analysis to estimate arterial stiffness in the time domain. The present theoretical article proposes that systolic pulse contour analysis may provide new, simple time-domain indices quantifying pulsatile load in resting humans. Our proposal was mainly based on 2 simple, validated assumptions: (1) a linear aortic pressure-flow relationship in early systole and (2) a triangular aortic flow wave during systole. This allowed us to describe new time-domain estimates of characteristic impedance, pulsatile load (waveguide ratio), total arterial compliance, and total arterial stiffness. It is demonstrated that total arterial stiffness may be estimated by the following formula: [(Pi - DAP) × ST] / (SV × Δt), where Pi is the aortic pressure at the inflection point (peak forward pressure wave), DAP is diastolic aortic pressure, ST is systolic ejection time, SV is stroke volume, and Δt is the time-to-Pi. A mathematical relationship among time intervals and indices of pulsatile load is demonstrated, and the clinical implications are discussed in terms of cardiovascular risk and stroke volume prediction.
2008-02