https://hal-ensta-paris.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01010745Perez, JérômeJérômePerezOC - Optimisation et commande - UMA - Unité de Mathématiques Appliquées - ENSTA Paris - École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques AvancéesAly, Jean-JacquesJean-JacquesAlyThermodynamics of a two-dimensionnal unbounded self-gravitating systemHAL CCSD1999Arnoux, Aurélien2014-06-20 13:24:162022-05-11 12:06:052014-06-20 14:04:46enJournal articles10.1103/PhysRevE.60.51851The thermodynamics of a two-dimensional self-gravitating system occupying the whole plane is considered in the mean-field approximation. First, it is proven that, if the number N of particles and the total energy E are imposed as the only external constraints, then the entropy admits the least upper bound S+(N,E)=2E/N+N ln(eπ2) (in appropriate units). Moreover, there does exist a unique state of maximum entropy, which is characterized by a Maxwellian distribution function with a temperature T=N/2 independent of E. Next, it is shown that, if the total angular momentum J is imposed as a further constraint, the largest possible value of the entropy does not change, and there is no admissible state of maximum entropy, but in the case J=0. Finally, some inequalities satisfied by a class of so-called H functions and related generalized entropies are given.