hal-01010745
https://hal-ensta-paris.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01010745
doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.60.5185
[ENSTA] ENSTA Paris
[UMA_ENSTA] Unité de Mathématiques Appliquées (UMA)
Thermodynamics of a two-dimensionnal unbounded self-gravitating system
Perez, Jérôme
Aly, Jean-Jacques
ART
The thermodynamics of a two-dimensional self-gravitating system occupying the whole plane is considered in the mean-field approximation. First, it is proven that, if the number N of particles and the total energy E are imposed as the only external constraints, then the entropy admits the least upper bound S+(N,E)=2E/N+N ln(eπ2) (in appropriate units). Moreover, there does exist a unique state of maximum entropy, which is characterized by a Maxwellian distribution function with a temperature T=N/2 independent of E. Next, it is shown that, if the total angular momentum J is imposed as a further constraint, the largest possible value of the entropy does not change, and there is no admissible state of maximum entropy, but in the case J=0. Finally, some inequalities satisfied by a class of so-called H functions and related generalized entropies are given.
1999-06
en
Physical Review E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
American Physical Society