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Demonstration of the synchrotron-type spectrum of laser-produced Betatron radiation

Abstract : Betatron X-ray radiation in laser-plasma accelerators is produced when electrons are accelerated and wiggled in the laser-wakefield cavity. This femtosecond source, producing intense X-ray beams in the multi kiloelectronvolt range has been observed at different interaction regime using high power laser from 10 to 100 TW. However, none of the spectral measurement performed were at sufficient resolution, bandwidth and signal to noise ratio to precisely determine the shape of spectra with a single laser shot in order to avoid shot to shot fluctuations. In this letter, the Betatron radiation produced using a 80 TW laser is characterized by using a single photon counting method. We measure in single shot spectra from 8 to 21 keV with a resolution better than 350 eV. The results obtained are in excellent agreement with theoretical predictions and demonstrate the synchrotron type nature of this radiation mechanism. The critical energy is found to be Ec = 5.6 \pm 1 keV for our experimental conditions. In addition, the features of the source at this energy range open novel perspectives for applications in time-resolved X-ray science.
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S. Fourmaux, Sébastien Corde, K. Ta Phuoc, P. M. Leguay, S. Payeur, et al.. Demonstration of the synchrotron-type spectrum of laser-produced Betatron radiation. New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2011, 13, pp.033017. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/13/3/033017⟩. ⟨hal-01164324⟩

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