Molecular orbital tomography from multi-channel harmonic emission in N2

Abstract : High-order harmonic generation in aligned molecules can be used as an ultrafast probe of molecular structure and dynamics. By characterizing the emitted signal , one can retrieve information about electronic and nuclear dynamics occurring in the molecule at the attosecond timescale. In this paper , we discuss the theoretical and experimental aspects of molecular orbital tomography in N 2 and investigate the influence of multi-channel ionization on the orbital imaging. By analyzing the spectral phase of the harmonic emission as a function of the driving laser intensity , we address two distinct cases , which in principle allow the orbital reconstruction. First , the contributions from two molecular orbitals could be disentangled in the real and imaginary parts of the measured dipole , making it possible to reconstruct both orbitals. Second , by decreasing the driving laser intensity , the transition from a multi-channel to a single-channel ionization regime is shown. The highest occupied molecular orbital may then be selected as the only one contributing efficiently to the harmonic emission. The latter approach paves the way towards the generalization of tomography to more complex systems .
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Z Diveki, R Guichard, J Caillat, A Camper, Stefan Haessler, et al.. Molecular orbital tomography from multi-channel harmonic emission in N2. Chemical Physics, Elsevier, 2013, 414, pp.121. ⟨10.1016/j.chemphys.2012.03.021⟩. ⟨hal-01164764⟩

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