A novel multiple locus variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) method for Propionibacterium acnes

Abstract : Propionibacterium acnes plays a central role in the pathogenesis of acne and is responsible for severe opportunistic infections. Numerous typing schemes have been developed that allow the identification of phylotypes, but they are often insufficient to differentiate subtypes. To better understand the genetic diversity of this species and to perform epidemiological analyses, high throughput discriminant genotyping techniques are needed. Here we describe the development of a multiple locus variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) method. Thirteen VNTRs were identified in the genome of P. acnes and were used to genotype a collection of clinical isolates. In addition, publically available sequencing data for 102 genomes were analyzed in silico, providing an MLVA genotype. The clustering of MLVA data was in perfect congruence with whole genome based clustering. Analysis of the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) element uncovered new spacers, a supplementary source of genotypic information. The present MLVA13 scheme and associated internet database represents a first line genotyping assay to investigate large number of isolates. Particular strains may then be submitted to full genome sequencing in order to better analyze their pathogenic potential.
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https://hal-ensta-paris.archives-ouvertes.fr//hal-01188389
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Submitted on : Saturday, August 29, 2015 - 6:06:04 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 3, 2019 - 5:06:03 PM

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Yolande Hauck, Charles Soler, Patrick Gérôme, Rithy Vong, Christine Macnab, et al.. A novel multiple locus variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) method for Propionibacterium acnes. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Elsevier, 2015, 33, pp.233-41. ⟨10.1016/j.meegid.2015.05.009⟩. ⟨hal-01188389⟩

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