Characterization of CO2 clathrate hydrate slurries for secondary refrigeration applications

Abstract : The aim of this work is to study how additives can improve, formation conditions, thermal effi-ciency and flowing of clathrate hydrate slurries. In the case of PCM storage applications for refrig-eration, hydrates must have a high dissociation enthalpy. In addition, the stability conditions must be adapted, the temperature being consistent with the application (between 273.15 and 298.15) and the pressure being suitable for an industrial facility. In the present study, different quaternary salts are used to reduce the formation pressure of CO2 hydrate: TBACl (tetra-n-butylammonium chloride), TBANO3 (tetra-n-butylammonium nitrate), and TBPB (tetra-n-butylphosphonium bromide). Firstly the influence of additives on the thermodynam-ics properties of the CO2-H2O system is studied. Results acquired by Differential Scaning Calo-rimetry, DSC, on formation temperatures conditions and dissociations enthalpies show that each of the studied quaternary salts may form mixed hydrate with CO2. Theses mixed hydrates are more stable than without additives, resulting in a significant decrease of the CO2 pressure needed for the hydrate formation. They also reveal that mixed TBPB + CO2 hydrate has suitable (P, T) conditions and latent heat content and therefore seems very appropriate as PCM for cold storage applications. After the previous thermodynamic study, a preliminary rheological characterisation of the TBPB hydrate slurry was also investigated using a dynamic loop allowing pressure drop and flow rate measurements.
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Contributor : Didier Dalmazzone <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 20, 2015 - 3:08:52 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 11:54:03 AM

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Nadia Mayoufi, Anthony Delahaye, Laurence Fournaison, Didier Dalmazzone, Walter Fürst. Characterization of CO2 clathrate hydrate slurries for secondary refrigeration applications. 9th International Conference on Phase-Change Paterials and Slurries for Refrigeration and Air Conditionning, International Institute of Refrigeration, Sep 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria. pp.8. ⟨hal-01218058⟩

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