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Propagation equation for tight-focusing by a parabolic mirror

Abstract : Part of the chain in petawatt laser systems may involve extreme focusing conditions for which nonparaxial and vectorial effects have high impact on the propagation of radiation. We investigate the possibility of using propagation equations to simulate numerically the focal spot under these conditions. We derive a unidirectional propagation equation for the Hertz vector, describing linear and nonlinear propagation under situations where nonparaxial diffraction and vectorial effects become significant. By comparing our simulations to the results of vector diffraction integrals in the case of linear tight-focusing by a parabolic mirror, we establish a practical criterion for the critical f -number below which initializing a propagation equation with a parabolic input phase becomes inaccurate. We propose a method to find suitable input conditions for propagation equations beyond this limit. Extreme focusing conditions are shown to be modeled accurately by means of numerical simulations of the unidirectional Hertz-vector propagation equation initialized with suitable input conditions.
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https://hal-ensta-paris.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01274742
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 16, 2016 - 11:09:40 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 3:22:04 PM

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Arnaud Couairon, Olga G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, V. A. Andreeva, et al.. Propagation equation for tight-focusing by a parabolic mirror. Optics Express, 2015, 23, pp.31240. ⟨10.1364/OE.23.031240⟩. ⟨hal-01274742⟩

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