On experimental sensitivity analysis of an axisymmetric turbulent wake

Abstract : The sensitivity to local disturbances of the turbulent wake over a 3D blunt body with an axisymmetric detachment is investigated at Re = 2.1·10 4. The flow presents a favored m = 2 azimuthal symmetry set by two wings. The instantaneous wake is measured either above or below the plane containing the wings but leads a statistical symmetric wake. Topology shifts are random but occur mostly after a large number of global mode periods. The statistical symmetry is highly sensitive to any asymmetric disturbance. As a consequence, depending on its position a small control cylinder in the close wake fixes the wake to one asymmetric topology affecting shedding activity and drag. The effect of an axisymmetric perturbation (m = 0) on flow topology and dynamics is also studied ; it induces significant drag reductions and global mode modifications when acting on mixing layers. Whatever the disturbance, the sensitivity of the wake seems concentrated into the mixing layers and may depend more on their local turbulent characteristics than on the inviscid dynamics of vorticity.
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M Grandemange, M Gohlke, V Parezanović, Olivier Cadot. On experimental sensitivity analysis of an axisymmetric turbulent wake. Physics of Fluids, American Institute of Physics, 2012, 24, pp.035106. ⟨hal-01289900⟩

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