Experimental sensitivity analysis of the global properties of a 2D turbulent wake

Abstract : The sensitivity of the global properties of a 2D turbulent wake produced by the separated flow of a " D " shaped cylinder at Re = 13000 is investigated experimentally using a small circular control cylinder as a local disturbance. The height of the main cylinder is D = 25mm and control cylinders are of diameters d = 0.04D and d = 0.12D; the former being smaller than the shear layers thickness detaching from the main cylinder, while the latter is larger. In both cases, the control cylinder is able to modify the global frequency, base pressure and spanwise velocity correlation. The results are presented as sensitivity maps. Reynolds stresses spatial structure and the recirculation bubble length are examined in detail when the control cylinder is displaced vertically across the wake at a fixed downstream location. It is found that the increase of the recirculation bubble length is accompanied by a damping of Reynolds stresses with a downstream shift of their spatial structures together with the base pressure increase. The global frequency can be either decreased or increased independently of the bubble length modification. The sensitivity of these global properties are interpreted on the basis of the ability of the control cylinder to change the size of the formation region of the Kármán vortex street by interacting with the primary detached shear layers. The corresponding physical mechanisms are discussed. The impact of a 2D control cylinder on the 3D properties of the wake is examined through spanwise correlation. This is found to be improved whenever the control cylinder is placed inside the recirculation region of the main cylinder wake.
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Vladimir Parezanovic, Olivier Cadot. Experimental sensitivity analysis of the global properties of a 2D turbulent wake. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2012, 693, pp.115-149. ⟨hal-01289905⟩

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