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Unraveling the Solid-Liquid-Vapor Phase Transition Dynamics at the Atomic Level with Ultrafast X-Ray Absorption Near-Edge Spectroscopy

Abstract : X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) is a powerful probe of electronic and atomic structures in various media, ranging from molecules to condensed matter. We show how ultrafast time resolution opens new possibilities to investigate highly nonequilibrium states of matter including phase transitions. Based on a tabletop laser-plasma ultrafast x-ray source, we have performed a time-resolved (∼3  ps) XANES experiment that reveals the evolution of an aluminum foil at the atomic level, when undergoing ultrafast laser heating and ablation. X-ray absorption spectra highlight an ultrafast transition from the crystalline solid to the disordered liquid followed by a progressive transition of the delocalized valence electronic structure (metal) down to localized atomic orbitals (nonmetal—vapor), as the average distance between atoms increases.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01561854
Contributor : Fabien Dorchies Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 4:52:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 6, 2021 - 3:26:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, June 30, 2021 - 6:52:19 PM

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F. Dorchies, A. Levy, C. Goyon, P. Combis, D. Descamps, et al.. Unraveling the Solid-Liquid-Vapor Phase Transition Dynamics at the Atomic Level with Ultrafast X-Ray Absorption Near-Edge Spectroscopy. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2011, 107 (24), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.245006⟩. ⟨hal-01561854⟩

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