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Toward an integrated seismic risk assessment for nuclear safety improving current French methodologies through the SINAPS@ research project

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C. Berge Thierry
  • Function : Author
Vincent Perron
François Voldoire
EDF
Banci Fabien
  • Function : Author
Nadim Moussallam
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 995138
Pierre Yves Bard
Silvano Erlicher
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 947903
Le Alain
  • Function : Author
Luis Fabian Bonilla
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 922338
Theodoulidis Nikolaos
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The Tohoku earthquake and associated tsunami in March 2011 caused a severe nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, where level 7 (International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) – INES scale) meltdown at three reactors occurred. The underestimation of the seismic and tsunami hazards has been recognized and the seismic margins assessment of the nuclear plants remains a priority for the whole nuclear community. In this framework a five-year research project called SINAPS@ (Earthquake and Nuclear Installations: Ensuring and Sustaining Safety) is currently on-going in France. A reliable estimate of seismic margins is possible only if all uncertainties, epistemic and aleatory, are effectively identified, quantified and integrated in the seismic risk analysis. SINAPS@ brings together a multidisciplinary community of researchers and engineers from the academic and the nuclear world. SINAPS@ aims at exploring the uncertainties associated to databases, physical processes and methods used at each stage of seismic hazard, site effects, soil and structure interaction, structural and nuclear components vulnerability assessments, in a safety approach: the main objective is ultimately to identify the sources of potential seismic margins resulting from assumptions or when selecting the seismic design level or the design strategy. The whole project is built around an “integrating” work package enabling to test state-of-the-art practices and to challenge new methodologies for seismic risk assessment: the real case of Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Japanese nuclear plant, shocked by the severe earthquake in 2007 provided a rich dataset which will be used to compare with the predictions. The present paper proposes for each step of the seismic risk analysis a review of the state of practice in France in the nuclear field and then precise the objectives and research strategy of SINAPS@ to overcome identified limitations or weaknesses. Scientific issues are illustrated through preliminary results of the project.

Dates and versions

hal-01590959 , version 1 (20-09-2017)

Identifiers

Cite

C. Berge Thierry, Angkeara Svay, Aurore Laurendeau, Chartier Thomas, Vincent Perron, et al.. Toward an integrated seismic risk assessment for nuclear safety improving current French methodologies through the SINAPS@ research project. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 2017, 323 (1), pp.185-201. ⟨10.1016/j.nucengdes.2016.07.004⟩. ⟨hal-01590959⟩
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