Eml1 loss impairs apical progenitor spindle length and soma shape in the developing cerebral cortex - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2017

Eml1 loss impairs apical progenitor spindle length and soma shape in the developing cerebral cortex

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Abstract

The ventricular zone (VZ) of the developing cerebral cortex is a pseudostratified epithelium that contains progenitors undergoing precisely regulated divisions at its most apical side, the ventricular lining (VL). Mitotic perturbations can contribute to pathological mechanisms leading to cortical malformations. The HeCo mutant mouse exhibits subcortical band heterotopia (SBH), likely to be initiated by progenitor delamination from the VZ early during corticogenesis. The causes for this are however, currently unknown. Eml1, a microtubule (MT)-associated protein of the EMAP family, is impaired in these mice. We first show that MT dynamics are perturbed in mutant progenitor cells in vitro. These may influence interphase and mitotic MT mechanisms and indeed, centrosome and primary cilia were altered and spindles were found to be abnormally long in HeCo progenitors. Consistently, MT and spindle length regulators were identified in EML1 pulldowns from embryonic brain extracts. Finally, we found that mitotic cell shape is also abnormal in the mutant VZ. These previously unidentified VZ characteristics suggest altered cell constraints which may contribute to cell delamination.

Dates and versions

hal-03825519 , version 1 (22-10-2022)

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Sara Bizzotto, Ana Uzquiano, Florent Dingli, Dmitry Ershov, Anne Houllier, et al.. Eml1 loss impairs apical progenitor spindle length and soma shape in the developing cerebral cortex. Scientific Reports, 2017, 7 (1), pp.17308. ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-15253-4⟩. ⟨hal-03825519⟩
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