Sensitivity of an intense rain event between atmosphere-only and atmosphere–ocean regional coupled models: 19 September 1996 - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Year : 2015

Sensitivity of an intense rain event between atmosphere-only and atmosphere–ocean regional coupled models: 19 September 1996

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Abstract

The representation of Mediterranean intense rain events in regional coupled models is of great importance for impact studies of climate change. It is investigated through the comparison of an atmosphere-only simulation forced by a coarse resolution SST, an atmosphere-ocean coupled simulation generating high-resolution sea surface temperature (SST) and an atmosphere-only simulation forced by a high-resolution monthly smoothed SST. The Cévennes, located in Southern France, is a region of high interest for its frequent intense rain events and the proximity of the Gulf of Lion where intense air-sea exchanges happen during Mistral and Tramontane wind bursts. Focus is given to one of the most intense rain events of the 20-year simulations (1989-2009): 19 September 1996, for which the change in the rain location is large between the atmosphere-ocean simulation and the atmosphere-only simulation forced by the coarse resolution SST. In this case, the change in the rain location can be attributed mainly to a long-term change in the SST of 1.5 K with a smaller but significant contribution of the submonthly coupled effects such as cooling of the SST in the Gulf of Lion after moderate Mistral events which occurred before the precipitation event. The change in the location of precipitation is related to a wind change of 5 m s− 1 . This wind deviation originated from a combined effects of a surface pressure anomaly, a stronger stratification on the western side of the coastal front in the Gulf of Lion and the enhanced blocking effect of the Alps.
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Dates and versions

hal-00955990 , version 1 (05-03-2014)

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Ségolène Berthou, Sylvain Mailler, Philippe Drobinski, Thomas Arsouze, Sophie Bastin, et al.. Sensitivity of an intense rain event between atmosphere-only and atmosphere–ocean regional coupled models: 19 September 1996. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 2015, 141 (686), pp.258-271. ⟨10.1002/qj.2355⟩. ⟨hal-00955990⟩
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